Monday, June 29, 2020

Learning the hard way Trauma as managerial growth

Written by Dr Amy Armstrong, faculty member at Ashridge Executive Education at Hult.  This blog is based on Dr Armstrongs PhD thesis (2014) Im a better manager: A biographic narrative study of the impact of personal trauma on the professional lives of managers in the UK, Aston University. When asked about their most powerful learning experiences to date, managers often cite experiences outside of the work environment. It is personal hardships that are quoted, such as family breakdown, illness, or the death of a loved one, yet more often than not, these experiences remain hidden from work. This is because in many work contexts people fruitlessly strive to keep their personal lives separate. As one HR Director recently said to me â€Å"if anyone in my team knows I’m having a bad day, then I’ve failed†. The prevailing culture in many organizations is one where people are expected to put on a brave face, so their true feelings are not shown and their personal struggles are not shared. As a consequence, the powerful learning that is present in experiences of hardship remains unsurfaced. I spent six years immersed in a study on this topic and found that despite intense suffering, managers who had experienced personal hardship, such as illness or bereavement, described their traumas as instrumental to their professional development. My study explored a concept which has emerged from the field of positive psychology called post-traumatic growth (Calhoun Tedeschi, 2006; Tedeschi Calhoun, 1996; 2004), which is the idea that despite acute distress, many individuals report positive psychological changes following trauma. Individuals can experience growth in different ways. Some talk of increased personal strength, that is to say they believe they are emotionally and psychologically stronger than before their trauma. Others talk about discovering a new life path or a new philosophy on life that was not present before. Some people describe positive changes in their relationships as a result of their trauma, such as increased openness and self-disclosure and a greater emotional connection with others. Others talk of changing life priorities and a greater appreciation of the small things in life. Finally, previous research on post-traumatic growth has found some individuals report increased spirituality or finding faith as a result of their trauma. One of the problems with previous research is that it was focused on post-traumatic growth among professionals working in ‘extreme’ settings, such as disaster recovery work, the military and the emergency services. These settings are atypical and therefore it is difficult to draw learning in support of management and leadership development. However, my study was the first study of its kind to look at growth through trauma among managers working in ‘everyday’ work environments and the results were fascinating. The managers involved described their traumas as their catalyst for growth. ‘Managerial growth’ emerged during their descriptions of the positive changes that occurred in the way that they managed others as a result of their trauma. For example, some managers talked about their trauma as helping them learn to ‘let go’ and to trust and empower their direct reports. Others talked about leading with increased emotional intelligence and compassion. Some talked about being more open and honest with their team by sharing their true feelings at work, which they believed helped to build trust and counter-disclosure. These findings connect directly to the concept of authentic leadership (Avolio, Griffith, Wernsing, Walumbwa, 2010) whereby leaders are encouraged to learn from ‘trigger events’ such as personal trauma. My research argues that if we can create ‘safe’ situations in which leaders and managers can talk about personal hardship, these ‘trigger’ experiences are critical moments of learning and can help the leader to understand themselves and their own strengths; their behaviours under pressure and their coping mechanisms. If we give leaders and managers the time and space to self-reflect with the support of others, the culmination of this is heightened self-awareness, which we all know lies at the heart of effective and authentic leadership. To learn about Hult’s Global  One-Year MBA, download a  brochure. Listen to Dr Amy Armstrongs webinar to learn more about her research into this fascinating topic. References: Avolio, B.J., Griffith, J, Wernsing, T.S., Walumbwa, F.O. (2010) What is authentic leadership development? In A. P. Linley, Harrington, S., Garcea, N., (Ed.), Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology and Work (pp. 289-297): Oxford University Press. Calhoun, L.G., and Tedeschi, R.G. Ed. (2006). The Handbook of Posttraumatic Growth: Research and Practice, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Tedeschi, R.G., and Calhoun, L.G. (1996). The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory: Measuring the Positive Legacy of Trauma. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 9(3), 455-471. Tedeschi, R.G., and Calhoun, L.G. (2004). Posttraumatic Growth: Conceptual Foundations and Empirical Evidence. Psychological Inquiry, 15(1), 1-18. Amy Armstrong BA (Hons), MBA, PhD Is a faculty member in Ashridge Qualifications for Ashridge Executive Education at Hult. Her research and teaching interests sit in the field of organisational behaviour and include engagement, well-being, resilience, toxicity, compassion and emotions at work. Amy is Academic Director on a new Masters in Leadership program that is due to launch in 2017 and is also curating the leadership module on Executive MBA for the Creative Industries. Amy recently returned to Ashridge from the University of Bedfordshire where she was a Senior Lecturer in Organisational Behaviour. She was previously an Ashridge a faculty member for ten years, engaging in research, working with a variety of corporate clients, and leading graduate programmes. Amy is a Visiting Fellow at Aston University. She also leads research into barriers to engagement for Engage for Success, a Government-led movement which is seeking to improve engagement and well-being levels across the U.K. See Amy Armstrongs full bio and publications list. Step up your game with executive education at Ashridge agile business school. To find out more, take a look at our blog Career mapping: How to become an executive in the next 5 years, or firm up your exec career footing with a Masters in International Business from Hult. Download a brochure or get in touch today to find out how Hult can help you learn everything about the business world, the future, and yourself. Hult Rotation offers you a chance to study in a truly global way. Our rotation program allows you to study and be immersed in some of the finest cities in the world. 📠¸: @jasminmanzano . Hult Rotation offers you a chance to study in a truly global way. Our rotation program allows you to study and be immersed in some of the finest cities in the world. 📠¸: @jasminmanzano . Each year, Hult seeks to enroll a talented and ambitious incoming class from all over the world. We look for diverse students with a wide range of experiences, perspectives, and interests—students who will thrive in our unique educational atmosphere. Are you ready for a truly global experience? 📠¸: @iambrunadiniz . Each year, Hult seeks to enroll a talented and ambitious incoming class from all over the world. We look for diverse students with a wide range of experiences, perspectives, and interests—students who will thrive in our unique educational atmosphere. Are you ready for a truly global experience? 📠¸: @iambrunadiniz . We’re excited to start 2020 on a ranking high! Hult is proud to have been placed #28 in Poets Quants 2020 rankings for Best Undergraduate Business Schools in the US. Taking a huge leap of 32 places from our 2019 position, we’re also very happy to have secured top positions in key categories like: life-changing experience, practicality of the degree, and global immersion. . With five global campuses, a student body of over 130 nationalities, and a learn-by-doing approach—Hult offers a student experience like no other. . We’re excited to start 2020 on a ranking high! Hult is proud to have been placed #28 in Poets Quants 2020 rankings for Best Undergraduate Business Schools in the US. Taking a huge leap of 32 places from our 2019 position, we’re also very happy to have secured top positions in key categories like: life-changing experience, practicality of the degree, and global immersion. . With five global campuses, a student body of over 130 nationalities, and a learn-by-doing approach—Hult offers a student experience like no other. . â€Å"I’m from an engineering background and needed a whole new skill set for the industry I wanted to switch to. I learned a lot about myself and how I deal with being out of my comfort zone. I learned both soft and hard skills, from how to work in very diverse teams to key accounting metrics and strategy. I was surprised by how weak I was at certain tasks in English or how strong I actually was in other areas. Hult gave me opportunities to try new things and meet people from places I never thought I would have friends. . My internship experiences gave me the chance to broaden my view of different cultures and different companies. I had the opportunity to work and live with people whose values differed from people in my home country. I thought that this would be difficult, but it gave me the chance to reflect on my own values and assess if they were a result of my home country environment or if they were intrinsically mine. . Diederick ter Kulve (@diederick.terkulve) Netherlands Masters in International Business . â€Å"I’m from an engineering background and needed a whole new skill set for the industry I wanted to switch to. I learned a lot about myself and how I deal with being out of my comfort zone. I learned both soft and hard skills, from how to work in very diverse teams to key accounting metrics and strategy. I was surprised by how weak I was at certain tasks in English or how strong I actually was in other areas. Hult gave me opportunities to try new things and meet people from places I never thought I would have friends. . My internship experiences gave me the chance to broaden my view of different cultures and different companies. I had the opportunity to work and live with people whose values differed from people in my home country. I thought that this would be difficult, but it gave me the chance to reflect on my own values and assess if they were a result of my home country environment or if they were intrinsically mine. . Diederick ter Kulve (@diederick.terkulve) Netherlands Masters in International Business . Say a big hello to our Bachelor of Business Administration program cover star, Elisa Orus Plana âÅ" ¨ . â€Å"I’m excited for the future—especially that I cant predict whats going to happen. Maybe Ill end up in Mexico working for a trading company or maybe in Africa, developing my own business. Everything is possible, and the options are constantly changing. I love the idea that Im never going to be stuck doing the same job until the end of my life if I dont want it to be like this. . Hult really supports me and my ambitions and truly believes that we deserve to be considered as professionals as well as students. Here, I get to express not just my opinions but all elements of myself. From my creative side with the Fashion Society to my finance and business sides in Trading Club and the Management Consulting Club. We get a different type of learning here. Not just essential knowledge and theory, but practical skills and mindset. The school is always evolving. We’re encouraged to innovate and to always look for new ways of doing traditional things. We learn how to be more confident and become aware of how we can impact our environment. The school aims to help you become a better version of yourself and to stand out from the crowd.â€Å" . Elisa Orus Plana French Bachelor of Business Administration Class of 2021 Say a big hello to our Bachelor of Business Administration program cover star, Elisa Orus Plana âÅ" ¨ . â€Å"I’m excited for the future—especially that I cant predict whats going to happen. Maybe Ill end up in Mexico working for a trading company or maybe in Africa, developing my own business. Everything is possible, and the options are constantly changing. I love the idea that Im never going to be stuck doing the same job until the end of my life if I dont want it to be like this. . Hult really supports me and my ambitions and truly believes that we deserve to be considered as professionals as well as students. Here, I get to express not just my opinions but all elements of myself. From my creative side with the Fashion Society to my finance and business sides in Trading Club and the Management Consulting Club. We get a different type of learning here. Not just essential knowledge and theory, but practical skills and mindset. The school is always evolving. We’re encouraged to innovate and to always look for new ways of doing traditional things. We learn how to be more confident and become aware of how we can impact our environment. The school aims to help you become a better version of yourself and to stand out from the crowd.â€Å" . Elisa Orus Plana French Bachelor of Business Administration Class of 2021"> During the final days of 2019, you probably reflected on what you’ve accomplished this year—and even this decade—and what you’d like to achieve in 2020. Let us know in the comments below. During the final days of 2019, you probably reflected on what you’ve accomplished this year—and even this decade—and what you’d like to achieve in 2020. Let us know in the comments below. â€Å"The first time we did group work on the program, I went head-to-head with a colleague. It taught me a lot about how I see people, how people see me, and how conflict can be resolved in a kind and productive way. The best feedback you get, when delivered constructively, is the most critical because it really feeds into how you lead. I’ve completely reversed my leadership style—the result is so much richer and more powerful when you lead from behind and lead with strength. . Studying in tandem with working, whilst challenging, gave me the perfect platform to directly apply learning concepts into my business environment, the competitive landscape, and the real-estate industry as a whole. When I started the program, I was very happy in my corporate role. But my courage and aspirations grew to the point that I took on a whole new direction. Having my career coach, Joanna, as a sounding board allowed me to really be strategic and get to know myself. She coached me thro ugh all the interviews, the research, and the questions. It went in parallel with what I was doing academically and after six months everything just clicked. . I went into the EMBA knowing I had nothing to lose and I’ve come out with everything. Great strength, global friends, amazing learning, mentors from professors, a job I love, and the knowledge that I can set my mind to achieve anything and with the right support and resources I’ll get there.† . Kashani Wijetunga British, New Zealand Sri Lankan Associate Director Senior Strategy Consultant CBRE EMBA Class of 2019 . â€Å"The first time we did group work on the program, I went head-to-head with a colleague. It taught me a lot about how I see people, how people see me, and how conflict can be resolved in a kind and productive way. The best feedback you get, when delivered constructively, is the most critical because it really feeds into how you lead. I’ve completely reversed my leadership style—the result is so much richer and more powerful when you lead from behind and lead with strength. . Studying in tandem with working, whilst challenging, gave me the perfect platform to directly apply learning concepts into my business environment, the competitive landscape, and the real-estate industry as a whole. When I started the program, I was very happy in my corporate role. But my courage and aspirations grew to the point that I took on a whole new direction. Having my career coach, Joanna, as a sounding board allowed me to really be strategic and get to know myself. She coached me thro ugh all the interviews, the research, and the questions. It went in parallel with what I was doing academically and after six months everything just clicked. . I went into the EMBA knowing I had nothing to lose and I’ve come out with everything. Great strength, global friends, amazing learning, mentors from professors, a job I love, and the knowledge that I can set my mind to achieve anything and with the right support and resources I’ll get there.† . Kashani Wijetunga British, New Zealand Sri Lankan Associate Director Senior Strategy Consultant CBRE EMBA Class of 2019 . â€Å"It was now or never. I knew that I’d have likely stayed in my neighborhood for years to come if I didn’t take this opportunity. I’d not lived or studied outside of the U.S. before. So I left my job as a global strategist at an advertising agency and moved halfway around the world. I’ve come back a more culturally aware, well-versed person. I’ve realized that everything is a learning experience and an opportunity for growth. Ill definitely carry this mindset with me into the future. Technology and social media allow us to be different people in several places at once. Im excited to see how I can establish myself in whatever city Ill be lucky enough to call home and still maintain deep connections with people all over the world. I’m inspired by my classmates every day. Hearing some of their life stories and how getting this degree fits into their greater mission has been very humbling. My biggest challenge has been finding the ‘right’ path for me. There have been rooms Ive felt like I shouldnt be in, but now Im proud to feel as though I truly belong, wherever I am.† . Dwayne Logan, Jnr. American MBA Class of 2019 . â€Å"It was now or never. I knew that I’d have likely stayed in my neighborhood for years to come if I didn’t take this opportunity. I’d not lived or studied outside of the U.S. before. So I left my job as a global strategist at an advertising agency and moved halfway around the world. I’ve come back a more culturally aware, well-versed person. I’ve realized that everything is a learning experience and an opportunity for growth. Ill definitely carry this mindset with me into the future. Technology and social media allow us to be different people in several places at once. Im excited to see how I can establish myself in whatever city Ill be lucky enough to call home and still maintain deep connections with people all over the world. I’m inspired by my classmates every day. Hearing some of their life stories and how getting this degree fits into their greater mission has been very humbling. My biggest challenge has been finding the ‘right’ path for me. There have been rooms Ive felt like I shouldnt be in, but now Im proud to feel as though I truly belong, wherever I am.† . Dwayne Logan, Jnr. American MBA Class of 2019 . Happy New Year, Hultians! . Happy New Year, Hultians! .

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Managing Global Human Resources - 2493 Words

MANAGING GLOBAL HUMAN RESOURCES The environment in which business competes is rapidly becoming globalized. More and more companies are entering international markets by exporting their products overseas, building plants in other countries, and entering into alliances with foreign companies. Global competition is driving changes in organizations throughout the world. Companies are attempting to gain a competitive advantage, which can be provided by international expansion. Deciding whether to enter foreign markets and whether to develop plants or other facilities in other countries is no simple matter and many human resource issues surface. (Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, and Wright; 534) Doing business globally requires that adaptations†¦show more content†¦National companies do not become global companies immediately. Involvement in international HRM depends greatly on a company s phase of globalization. Import-export firms. Firms in the first phase of globalization simply move products across national boundaries. The firm does not employ people in other countries, except a few managers responsible for negotiating business agreements. These agreements usually involve buying or selling complete products or services. Import-export firms need to understand their trading partners cultures and usually must overcome communication barriers to negotiate agreements. Negotiations are usually done by expatriate representatives, but expatriates are not employed as extensively by import-export firms as by multinational enterprises. HR policies and practices remain relatively unchanged from the company s traditional home-base practices. (HR Magazine,06-01-1995) Multinational enterprises (MNEs). Firms in the second phase of globalization have strategic corporate units located in foreign countries. Part of the firm s goods or services may be produced in one country, then possibly moved to another country for additional assembly, and ultimately distributed to other countries where they are sold by employees of the firm. MNEs typically make extensive use of expatriate managers who are sent from headquarters to oversee foreign operations. ExpatriateShow MoreRelated Managing Global Human Resources Essay2450 Words   |  10 Pagesbuilding plants in other countries, and entering into alliances with foreign companies. Global competition is driving changes in organizations throughout the world. Companies are attempting to gain a competitive advantage, which can be provided by international expansion. Deciding whether to enter foreign markets and whether to develop plants or other facilities in other countries is no simple matter and many human resou rce issues surface. (Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, and Wright; 534) Doing business globallyRead MoreManaging The Global Workforce Final 1. As A Human Resource3674 Words   |  15 PagesManaging the Global Workforce Final 1 As a Human Resource Director, it is my duty to launch a performance management system. There are many different systems that would benefit this 5-year-old company but the one most beneficial has to be put in place. All factors have to be addressed when deciding on the system. The age of the company which is 5 years old. This is significant because the same performance management tool that a 50-year-old company would use may not be valuable to this company. AnotherRead MoreHuman Resource Management in the Global Environment984 Words   |  4 PagesHuman Resources Management in the Global Environment 1 Human Resources Management in the Global Environment Today’s job market is rapidly becoming globalized and more companies are entering into international markets in a variety of ways. Some companies are building plants in other countries, some companies are exporting products overseas, and some are entering into alliances with foreign companies. No matter how the involvements begin, the reality is that in today’s world, managing globalRead MoreExamples of Ihrm and Domestic Hrm Essay841 Words   |  4 Pagesdifferences in managing human resources in foreign environments (Desatnick Bennett 1978). The world has become more globalized, competitive, dynamic and uncertain than ever before. As more and more firms operate internationally, the search for the elements of global competitive advantage is a prominent theme in the management literature (Dickman Mà ¼ller-Camen, 2006: 580). There is a clear need to develop an understanding of how to compete successfully on the global playing field.Read MoreInternational Human Resource Management: More than Just Expatriate Management1246 Words   |  5 Pagesthink that International Human Resource Management (IHRM) is synonymous with expatriate management. However, IHRM covers more than just the management of expatriates. According to Laurent (1986, pp. 91-93), IHRM is a set of activities aimed managing organisational human resources at international level to achieve organisational goals and achieve competitive advantage over competitors at national and international level. IHRM includes typical HRM functions such as human resource planning, recruitmentRead MoreThe Global Economy Has Changed The Way The Corporations Do Business Today1622 Words   |  7 PagesLeadership in a globalizing world. The global economy has changed the way the corporations do business today. The melting of trade barriers among nations and their increasing inter connectedness, accelerated by technology h as brought a profound impact on global business. The expanding global environment has extended the reach and goals of the companies with greater access to wider markets. Managers are looking to globalize operations, developing new markets for their products for better strategicRead MoreThe Challenges Of Human Resource Management872 Words   |  4 PagesCompanies are spreading their wings with the advances in technologies and increasing free movement of products and people, These changes are opening global operations to more than ever before. This change is having a considerable impact on human resource management. One of the greatest challenges that human resource management faces in terms of workplace globalization is workplace diversity. Diversity is the condition of having or being composed of differing elements : VARIETY; especially :Read MoreHow Globalization Effects Hrm Essay1733 Words   |  7 PagesHow Globalization effects HRM The term Globalization has invaded the mind of every successful businessman and the concept of Global Village is a common issue in the modern business world. What really the globalization is? The answer seems simple if a firm or an organization expands its sales or production beyond the national boundaries, then it is globalization, but it does not cover the real meaning of the term. Globalization actually means more, much more than that; it is realizing that thereRead MoreHuman Resource Department And The Human Resources Department1629 Words   |  7 PagesThe Human Resource Department is one of the essential divisions in an organization with a complete structure. Its function involves maximizing employee performance, improving the company policies, enhancing the skills of the employees through training, established system in the organization, managing people, give rewards and privileges, planning, implementing and a lot more. Why there is a need of this department? This is because people are the biggest asset of a company that no one can ever replicateRead MoreGlobal Financial Management690 Words   |  3 Pagesï » ¿ Global Financial Management In todays increasingly internationalized worldwide economic system, defined by the expansion of multinational corporate conglomerates into foreign shores, the necessity for effective and efficient global financial management has never been greater. Whereas autonomous countries once maintained clear authority over businesses which were built on their shores, through levying taxes, enforcing fiscal regulations, and instituting a lawful system of commerce, today the most

Friday, May 15, 2020

Korean Wave - 2388 Words

1.0 Introduction The purpose of this paper is to study a sub-culture by conducting an oral interview with a group of people who belong to a particular cultural group. This interview is carried out to understand their perception of the sub-culture. The people chosen for this oral interview are Helen Xu who comes from China and Hana Yamata who comes from Japan, and both of them are big fans of Korean culture. In order to present their experiences of Korean Wave, this paper will be divided into four sections. The first section will describe demographic characteristics of the Korean Wave group in Asia. The second section is a literature review refering to the cultural background of Korean Wave including Korean pop music, drama, food and so†¦show more content†¦This culture is often called individualism. Moreover, Hofstede (1980), noted that power distance in a culture, which means the difference between the lowest and highest member. Highest member refer to a person or a group always makes the d ecision; people who always have input is belong to lowest member. For example, Korean drama considers family-oriented stories in which father has the power in the family, and other members of family usually defer to him. However, in Western society, parents cultivate their child to be more creative, and give them more freedom to choose their future education and career. Therefore, In Western culture, a child can make such decisions himself, while, in Korean culture, children are more likely to defer to their father. Futhurmoer, Western modernity and Asian traditions has formed striking comparison. In 18 century, Western societies had rised the evolution of post-modernity that suggests the end of original culture, art, subject and history. The production of post-modernity includes the internet, cars, digital computers and so on (Venn Featherstone, 2006, p.462). Modernity refers a new way of lifestyle and social system. Asian traditions advocate the beliefs, rituals, morals, values and customers in which human being have been passed down from their ancestors (O’Shannessy Minett, 2008, p.33). Especially, Taoism and Confucianism have had a profound impact on Asian socities, suchShow MoreRelatedWinter Wave : The Korean Wave And The Korean Wave936 Words   |  4 Pages480J November 6, 2017 The Korean Wave, otherwise also known as Hallyu, is a phenomenon that originated from Korea and traveled all over the world. Thirty years back, no one would have known what â€Å"saranghaeyo† or what â€Å"oppa† meant. But now, people are taking Korean classes to learn the language and culture and non natives are able to understand a whole episode of Korean drama without subtitles. One would argue that the drama Winter Sonata initiated the Korean Wave. Winter Sonata is a televisionRead MoreKorean Wave (Hallyu) in China2081 Words   |  9 Pagesâ€Å"Korean wave (Hallyu) was coined in China in mid-1999 by Beijing journalists surprised by the fast growing popularity of South Koreans and South Korean goods in China.† However, the phenomenon of Korean wave flows into East Asia especially China during the early twenty-first century. Korean wave covers the craze for South Korean music, TV dramas, pop stars, but also for fashion styles, cosmetics and electronics. There are many reasons causing Korean wave being a popular mass culture in China. KoreanRead MoreThe Korean Wave And Korean Culture980 Words   |  4 PagesThe research that we choose to do was on the Korean wave. We chose to do our project on the Korean Wave because we wanted to learn about Korean Culture and why the Korean Wave was rising in popularity. What is the Korean Wave and why is is increa sing in popularity? The Korean wave is about the increasing popularity of South Korean Culture around the world that started in 1997. The Korean wave started with the spread of Korean dramas across east, south and Southeast Asia and later became a globalRead MoreKorean Wave And Its Effect On The Korean Culture996 Words   |  4 Pages Introduction The Korean Wave also known as Hallyu first appeared during the mid 1990’s. Korean Wave simply means the rising of popularity of the Korean culture (Lee, 2011). This Korean Wave was an example of a ripple effect meaning it is continuing to spread. K-Pop is an abbreviation of Korean pop, which has different music genres incorporated into one. K-pop includes hip-hop, electronic, rock and R’n’B music that has originated from South Korea. Korean pop music began to gain its popularity amongRead MoreThe Korean Wave1765 Words   |  8 PagesTrending Worldwide: Korean Wave Rosanna Danica B. Maguad TRENDING WORLDWIDE: KOREAN WAVE Unlike in the past, Philippine Media is now a combination of various Asian entertainments. It imports TV series and movies from neighboring Asian countries. Imported movies are then dubbed in Filipino and streamed in our country. ABS-CBN, one of the top TV stations in the country, started to explore foreign TV series last 2003. This was â€Å"Meteor Garden,† a Taiwanese drama series. Because of the boom of theRead MoreEffects Of Hallyu On Korean And Korean Wave1602 Words   |  7 PagesHallyu or â€Å"Korean Wave† is the term that was first introduced by Beijing journalist in the mid-1990s. This term is associated with the widespread of popularity of â€Å"all things Korean† beyond the border of Korea (Lie 2012), especially to Asian countries and even non-Asian countries such as North and South American, Middle East and Europe. The â€Å"all things Korean† are inclusive of soap opera (also known as television drama), film, music, fashion, cuisine and oth er elements. However, there are some widespreadRead MoreEssay on Academic vs Mainstream Writing877 Words   |  4 Pagesbetween scholarly and popular writing by comparing the academic articles by Jamie Shinhee Lee â€Å"Linguistic hybridization in K-Pop: discourse of self-assertion and resistance†, the article by Sue Jin Lee â€Å"The Korean Wave: The Seoul of Asian† and the popular article by Lara Farrar for CNN ‘Korean Wave’ of pop culture sweeps across Asia. The Structure of Scholarly Articles In general, scholarly articles tend to be very long ranging from 20-40 pages long; plain usually black and white containing graphsRead MorePopular Music or K-Pop in South Korea1272 Words   |  5 PagesSouth Korean popular music (shortly known as K-Pop) and its music videos are a worldwide phenomenon that effectively disseminates the Korean culture in different parts of the world. So, what is a K-Pop? The K-Pop is a musical genre that integrates a variety of music styles, such as hip-hop, RB, jazz, rap, and etc. In addition, K-Pop music video is an audiovisual element that consists not only the variety of musical styles, but also the stunning physical attributes of the singers as well. AlmostRead MoreInternational Tourism s Effect On Medical Tourism1649 Words   |  7 Pagesin order to give a clearer picture of what is Hallyu and which medical tourism I am referring too. Hallyu is defined as the growing popularity of Korean-based products that include drama, film, and pop music (K im). It is also used to describe the fast spreading popularity of Korean culture like food, clothing, and housing. Recently, Hallyu or Korean Wave has not just swept over Asia, but also Middle East, Africa, and America. Out of all sector, medical tourism is one of the biggest areas that receivedRead MoreKorean Music And Their Fans : It s A Two Way Street1647 Words   |  7 PagesProfessor Jennifer Jung-Kim Korea 40: Korean Popular Culture 21 August 2015 K-Pop, K-Drama, and Their Fans: It s A Two-Way Street Korean music and drama industries have fans that are rarely ever seen as a passive audience. These fans dedicate an enormous amount of both their time and money to these celebrities. They often interact with artists and actors and discuss new music videos or favorite drama characters with other fans through social media sites. Fans of Korean pop music not only purchase albums

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Different Theories Of Leadership And Leadership - 1797 Words

2. Review of Personal Values (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th Waves of Values) Different theories of leadership classify leadership in different ways. Based on the use of authority, leadership is classified into three types as autocratic, democratic and laissez faire leadership styles (Adeyemi, 2013). Having gone through my free flow journey has helped me explore my entire life as a process of learning and evolution of my own leadership. This mandatory part of my journal has given me the opportunity to reflect on my personal values as they are the primary influencer to my leadership development. Since our behaviours determines our values, this mandatory journaling is a powerful tool to identify which of the four waves of values (1st and 2nd Wave Values, 3rd and 4th Wave Values) influences my leadership practices. Being in a senior managerial position is a perfect platform for me to reflect on how I respond to different situations in my leadership role. My most prominent leadership strengths include self-awareness and self-acceptance, the ability to inspire others and be inspired, taking decisive actions to focus on finding solutions, and the capability to identify and develop opportunities including uplifting and creating conducive environment to empower others. I would like to believe that my leadership practices conform to the 3rd and 4th Wave Values of high performance leadership. However, for the purpose of this section of the journal, I will make reference to the 360-degree reviewShow MoreRelatedEssay on Different Leadership Theories1232 Words   |  5 PagesRunning head: Different Leadership Theories Essay Ebony Bittings Grand Canyon University: UDA-575 September 26, 2012 When you think of the terms: leader and leadership, you generally equate them with being only one person. However, my view of leadership, especially effective leadership, is a shared function between many individuals. There are numerous leadership theories. As a whole, leadership theories should be implemented to contribute to the improvementRead MoreTheories of Different Leadership Styles and Their Application997 Words   |  4 PagesLeadership Styles and Theories Applied: A persons leadership style can be detected through a combination of his/her personality, knowledge and skills, and experience that is expressed in words and actions. Leadership is an obtained and growing process and people at all organizational levels need to continue developing and improving their knowledge and skills. 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The Process Of Solving Crime - 1109 Words

I. Do you believe in Justice? II. Today we will be talking about the process of solving crime III. Because I am in college to study Criminal Justice with the intentions of pursuing a career in Forensic and Criminal Investigations, I feel confident in telling you about what I have learned so far dealing with Crimes and how to solve them. IV. In order to explain the process of investigating and solving a crime, we will look at the different types of crime, The different types of departments assisting the crime, the methods of solving the crime, The outcome (Transition: Let s start by talking about the different types of crime.) Body I. There are four categories of crime†¦show more content†¦D. Statutory Crimes 1. Statutory Crime - A Violation of a specific state or federal statute and can involve either property offenses or personal offenses. 2. Examples would be Alcohol- related crimes such as (DUI) or selling alcohol to a minor (Transition: Now that we have talked about the different types of crime, let’s look at the types of departments that help assist with the investigation.) II. The Departments that assist with investigations A. Criminal Scene Technicians / Forensic Scientist 1. Crime Scene Techs help analyze the scene and collect the evidence for the forensic scientist. 2. While the Forensic Scientist will take that evidence and analyze it to find the matter of death, time and piece the clues together that are important to find the suspect. They analyze all evidence does not have to be a case involving death. As well as there are many types of forensic science fields. B. Detectives 1. A Detective is an individual whose business it is to observe and provide information about alleged criminals or to discover matters of secrecy for the protection of the public. 2. Detectives work with police and forensics to help analyze evidence, get

The Theme of Leadership in the Lord of the Flies free essay sample

Throughout the novel, ‘Lord of the Flies’, William Golding is able to link the many aspects of our own world through the various characters he creates. One of these aspects is leadership, which plays a vital role in the novel’s microcosmic society, as it does in our own society. Golding uses leadership to convey his ideologies about human nature. Golding believes that all humans are fundamentally flawed, that all humans are evil and are capable of inflicting evil upon others. Only the law and order of our society hold back the flaws that all humans inherently possess. Golding uses the mixed feelings that he has about leadership to reveal his philosophy about human nature and other flawed aspects of our society. The Second World War, which Golding was a part of, brought about his pessimism of human nature. He was horrified at what himself and others did during the war. He gradually learned to see all human nature as savage and unforgiving, the darkness of mans heart; it is in all of us. The qualities of a good leader are universally accepted. The leader has to have control over his followers. He has to demand respect. The leader also has to be able to persuade his followers to follow him without taking away from his beliefs and views. A good leader also has to be able to be strong, mentally more than physically. He needs to be able to stand his ground and strongly believe in what he feels is right. A good leader also has to believe in himself. If a leader does not believe in himself, then who will? A leader has to be assertive and does not need to back down from anything. The two main characters in this novel express some of these characteristics, one character more than the other. There are always people, when in a group, who show and possess superior leadership attributes than others. The strongest, mentally and physically, tend to have the greatest influence over others. Sometimes the strongest person is not necessarily the best choice. Authors, including Golding, often show how humans select the strongest person, to give us an understanding of the influence people can possess over others. Golding has two stand out characters in the beginning of the novel who each show their own, but very different leadership skills. However Golding believes that there is no such thing as a perfect leader, and that every type of leadership is flawed in some way. Golding intends to use these two characters to highlight the two types of leadership that he tries to present in the novel. The first character introduced to us is Ralph, who in my opinion is presented as the better leader. His capacity for leadership is evident from the beginning, â€Å"Shut up,† said Ralph absently. He lifted the conch. â€Å"Seems to me we ought to have a chief to decide things. He then proceeds to be voted as the group leader, over Jack, mainly due to the fact that he was the one that initially blew the conch, â€Å"They obeyed the summons of the conch, partly because Ralph blew it, and he was big enough to be a link with the adult world of authority†¦. †It is obvious from the offset that Golding has made Ralph the symbol of democracy in the novel. Golding shows his feeling about democracy as describing democratic voting as a ‘toy’. The other little’uns follow Ralph as he is the only link they have left to the civilised world. At the beginning and throughout the novel, Ralph is the primary representative of order, society and leadership among the group. Ralph starts off well at attempting to make a new society; he firmly believes that the most important thing in this situation is being rescued. He creates a fire beacon, for cooking, heat and rescue. The signal fire can be viewed as a sign of hope the hope the boys have to return to society. When the flames dance brightly, it shows the enthusiasm they hold for the idea of being rescued. However, as the fire grows dim, it reflects the attitude of the boys and their loss of morale. The signal fire can also be viewed as the boys link to the civilized world. As long as the fire continues burning, it suggests not only that the boys want to return to society, but also that they are still using their common sense. He understands the essentials that a society must have to keep afloat and he knows what must be done in order for the survival of the boys. He works vigilantly to keep the groups focus on the hope of rescue. It is at the second assembly that we see Ralph firmly asserting his authority, â€Å"except by me†. It is also the first time that Jack struggles with Ralph’s authority. As the tension between Ralph and Jack continues to increases, we see more obvious signs of a potential struggle for power. Although Jack has been deeply envious of Ralph’s power from the moment Ralph was elected, the two do not come into open conflict until the fourth chapter, when Jack’s irresponsibility leads to the failure of the signal fire. When the fire—a symbol of the boys’ connection to civilization—goes out, the boys’ first chance of being rescued is thwarted. Ralph flies into a rage, indicating that he is still governed by desire to achieve the good of the whole group. But Jack, having just killed a pig, is too excited by his success to care very much about the missed chance to escape the island. Indeed, Jack’s bloodlust and thirst for power have overwhelmed his interest in civilization. Whereas he previously justified his commitment to hunting by claiming that it was for the good of the group, now he no longer feels the need to justify his behaviour at all. Instead, he indicates his new orientation toward savagery by painting his face like a barbarian, leading wild chants among the hunters, and apologizing for his failure to maintain the signal fire only when Ralph seems ready to fight him over it. However, Ralph still has his shortcomings as a leader and isn’t always perfect as Golding is trying to show. One of his first mistakes was giving more control to Jack by making him leader of his hunters. This allows Jack and the choir boys to make their own rules and encourage the choir boys to stray away from Ralph’s lead. When the beast is first introduced, Ralph doesn’t do a very good job of convincing the younger boys that there isn’t a beast on the island. He just say’s â€Å"but there isn’t a beast. † Whereas Jack assures the younger boys that if there is a beast, he’d find it and kill it. The weight of leadership becomes oppressive for Ralph as the story continues; he is dutiful and dedicated, but his attempts to instil order and calm among the boys are decreasingly successful. Golding develops Ralphs particular concerns and insecurities. By showing him worrying over his perceived failures, Golding highlights Ralph’s responsible, adult nature. Ralphs concern about his appearance, and particularly his grown-out hair, indicate his natural inclination toward the normality of civilization. Although Ralph demonstrates a more than sufficient intelligence, he also worries that he lacks Piggys genius, â€Å"if only I could step inside that fat head of his†. Ralph eventually understands the importance of thought and how it can help him as a leader, â€Å"thought was a valuable thing, that got results †. The second type of leadership that Golding conveys through a character is the Dictator, Jack. Ralph treats all the boys with dignity and tries to work with them for the betterment of the society. On the opposite side of the scale, Jack does not treat any of the boys with the dignity that Ralph does. In chapter three Golding writes, in comparing Jack’s and Ralph, They walked along, two continents of experience and feeling, unable to communicate. This shows how Golding is trying to tell us how Ralph and Jack’s motives are completely different; one is focused on hunting and the other on the society. Jack immediately shows qualities of a good leader, but are different qualities than Ralph shows. Jack has a very commanding presence from the beginning; he arrives on the island having some success in exerting control over others by dominating the choir with his militaristic attitude. At the first assembly he believes that he should be chief, â€Å"I ought to be chief†, but is humiliated when he loses the vote to Ralph. Jack is chauvinistic, stating that, I agree with Ralph. Weve got to have rules and obey them. After all, were not savages. Were English, and the English are best at everything. So weve got to do the right things. Golding believes that Nationalism and chauvinism are the causes of wars on our society and is putting this across in the microcosm. This is a hint that there would be eventually conflict on the island. Golding also uses the theory of Darwinism to relate to Jack, as Jack puts down the weaker in society, Piggy and Simon, like most dictators do. Jack represents evil and violence, the dark side of human nature. He is the character that regresses the most throughout the novel. It starts with him hunting in the Jungle, when Golding uses animal imagery to show his regression, ‘ape-like’ and ‘half naked†¦walking on all fours’. Jack attempts to dominate the group, rather than working with Ralph to benefit it. The conch does not mean anything to Jack, for him, the conch represents the rules and boundaries that have kept him from dominating others. Their entire lives in the other world, the boys had been moderated by rules set by society. The dictator in Jack becomes dominant in his personality during the panic over the beast sighting on the mountain. In trying to put Ralph down, he uses his rhetorical skills to twist Ralphs words. In defence, he offers to the group an excuse that Hed never have got us meat, asserting that hunting skills make for an effective leader. Jack assigns a high value only to those who he finds useful or agreeable to his views and looks to silence those who do not please him. Denouncing the rules of order, Jack declares, We dont need the conch any more. We know who ought to say things. As Jack strives to establish his leadership, he takes on the title of chief and reinforces the illusion of station and power by using the other boys ceremoniously as standard bearers who raise their spears together and announce The Chief has spoken. Jack works closely with Roger, as Ralph does with Piggy and Simon, to help him form his new dictatorship at Castle Rock. Though Roger does not possess any sort of leadership skills, he does have a forced authority over others. This role is no game for him, though; by the night of Simons death, Jack has clearly gone power-mad, sitting at the pig roast on a large log painted and garlanded . . . like an idol while power . . . chattered in his ear like an ape. His tribe addresses him as Chief, ind icating a form of more primitive tribal leadership. Jack’s leadership in the macrocosm would not work, it would just lead to war. Whereas on the island Jack promises food and fun, so everybody follows him. Jack’s savage, primitive society murders the two outcasts, Piggy and Simon. The next on their list is Ralph, who is finding himself running away from a line of Jack’s group across the island. In the midst of the chaos, the forest is set on fire. As Ralph is running away, he unselfishly thinks, ‘The fools! The fire must be almost at the fruit trees- what would they eat tomorrow. Even though Jack’s tribe is hunting him down, all he cares about are the others. At the end of the novel, a naval officer comes onto the island. When he asks who is in charge, Jack steps forward and then steps back. He finally realizes that what he was doing was wrong and cowers away from the naval officer, thinking that Ralph would take all of the blame. Ralph loudly proclaims the he is the leader. They had all finally come to realize what they had done. They soon discovered that if they had followed Ralph, none of this would have happened. hen the naval officer appears on the island, all the boys who were moments ago behaving savagely, come to a halt and suddenly return to their senses. This suggests that the appearance of the naval officer symbolizes the return of both adult supervision and civilization. Ralph was the best leader in the novel, he puts the society over himself at all times. Jack has the better leadership skills, but chooses to use them for the wrong reasons. The fact that he came to be the leader was because of humanitys sinful tendency towards savagery.